"Sometimes I would like to ask God, why He allows poverty, famine, and injustice in the world when He could do something about it... but I'm afraid He might ask me the same question." Anonymous

Ethiopia Facts


Ethiopia is a beautiful, land-locked country of 472,000 square
miles (slightly less than twice the size of the state of Texas)
located in the northeast part of Africa known as the Horn of Africa.
Addis Ababa is the capital city.  The country terrain consists
of mostly high plateau with a central mountain range divided
by the Great Rift Valley. The climate can be described as tropical
monsoon but varies greatly from region to region.  There are
two seasons in Ethiopia: in most of the country, the dry season
prevails from October until May with short rains in March; the
wet season runs from June until the end of September.   
There are almost 75 million people living in Ethiopia, most
living in the central highlands. According to some official statistics,
over 65% of the Ethiopian population live below poverty level.
About 80% of the people derive their income from agriculture, but
agricultural productivity is significantly low. The average per capita
income in Ethiopia is around $870 USD. This income cannot
begin to meet the cost-of-living needs of a family. To further add
to the economic strain, the yearly population growth rate of the
country is rapidly increasing. The existing socioeconomic
services, although expanding,are unable to reach the majority of
people or keep pace with theincrease of population. Hence,
high mortality, extreme destitution,unemployment, prostitution,
life on the streets and a lack of educational opportunities are
widespread among the poor. In addition to these problems,
the rapidly expanding pandemic of HIV/AIDS and other
communicable diseases are adversely affecting millions of
citizens either directly or indirectly.

High death rate caused by AIDS, inadequate medical intervention,
and unsanitary living conditions have added another layer of stress
on the already precarious family institution of the poor. When one
parent dies, it becomes increasingly difficult for a single parent to
support their family. If something happens to the surviving parent,
traditionally the extended family would take care of the children. 
However, with large family sizes and limited resources, well-
intentioned relatives are many times simply unable to take
on the additional burden of providing for their relations. There are
close to 4.6 million orphaned children in Ethiopia, and 1
million of these are believed to be orphaned because of HIV.
UNICEF data states there are more than 300,000 orphaned
children relegated to living on the streets nationwide
with all the associated hazards (100,000 in Addis Ababa alone),
and the school drop-out rate among these children is
alarmingly high, further adding to the problem. 

The major ethnic groups include Oromo 40%, Amhara and
Tigre 32%, and several other smaller tribal groups. Amharic is
the official language of Ethiopia although the government
encourages local languages to be taught in schools. English is
the major foreign language taught in schools. Ethiopia has a
literacy rate of 42%. 

Ethiopians take their father's first name as a surname -
there are no inherited last names.  Women keep their maiden
name when marrying.  Most Ethiopian names have beautiful
meanings, often with a Christian element.  A fairly extensive
list of common Ethiopian names and their meanings can be
found at BabyNamesWorld.  An excellent website about
Ethiopian names was created by an Ethiopian immigrant
for families interested in adopting children from Ethiopia-
it is My Ethiopian Name

Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and
one of the oldest in the world. The ancient Ethiopian archy
maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception
of the Italian occupation during World War II. In 1974,
following the deposition of the emperor Haile Selassie who
had ruled since 1930, the Derg seized power and installed a
government which was socialist in name and military
in style. Many members of the Royal Government were
executed. Major Mengistu Haile Mariam assumed power
and his totalitarian-style government and massive militarism
was financed and supplied by the Soviet Union and assisted
by Cuba. The brutal regime, aided by droughts and famine,
hastened the Derg's collapse. Insurrections followed.
In 1991, the Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE)
was set up, followed by the Eritrean vote for
independence in 1993. Elections for the first parliament
of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia were held in
1995 and the governmentwas installed in August of that year.
Ethiopia currently has a president and a prime minister. 

Religion has always been a major influence in Ethiopia
Ethiopian culture and tradition have been greatly influenced
by both Christian and Muslim religions.  Sunni Muslims,
the largest religious group, account for 45-50% of practicing
religious beliefs. The Amharas and Tigreans are predominantly 
Christian and adhere to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.  
Catholicism and Ethiopian evangelism (Mekane Yesus) are
also important religions in Ethiopia. 

The local currency is the Ethiopia birr (12 birr = $1 US).  Ethiopia's
 poverty-stricken economy is based on agriculture. The country is
endowed with vast agricultural, mineral and energy resources which
remain virtually untapped due to the recent wars and economic
stagnancy. Coffee, oilseeds, hides and livestock are Ethiopia's major
exports. Some of the finest and rarest coffees in the world are grown
in the highlands of Ethiopia.  Ethiopians have a beautiful coffee
ceremonythat is performed with great honor for their guests. 
Coffee beans are roasted over coals, then ground up before
hot water is added.  The coffeeis served in small cups - often with
sugar - and is very dark and strong!

Current time in Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Adoption Time-line

02/02/10- Ethiopia adoption application & fee sent.

02/17/10- Accepted into America Worlds Ethiopia Program!

02/20/10- Paid initial AWAA program fee.

Start paper chase...

03/02/10- Ordered our birth certificates.

03/02/10- Spoke w/and chose GLAD as Home-Study Agency.

03/03/10- Got Angi's employeement & life ins. verification.

03/04/10- Received Tim's birth cert. in mail.

03/04/10- Went to courthouse, got Marriage Cert.

03/05/10- Received Angi's birth cert. in mail.

03/05/10- Scheduled Tim's phys. letter doctor appt.for 3/8

03/08/10- Mailed GLAD application letter & fee.

03/10/10- Ethiopia made big change- 2 trips required now.

03/11/10- Rec'd GLAD/AWAA Post Placement Agreement.

03/11/10- Rec'd Tim's Health/Life Ins. letter.

03/12/10- Jack & Annie rabie shots/Home Study Requirment

03/13/10- Rosie & Sara rabie shots.

03/21/10- Began Hague on-line required training course.

03/22/10- GLAD beginning our background checks.

03/22/10- Our HIV tests and Tim's HEP B blood draw done.

03/23/10- Tim's TB Test scheduled for 3/30/10.

03/25/10- Notary notarized all paperwork we've collected.

03/26/10- Kyla, our social work came for 1st & 2nd home visi

03/26/10- Adoption Tax Credit raised to$13,100.00! Go God!

03/27/10- Kyla finished 3rd Home Study visit.

03/27/10- Finished family photo pages.

03/30/10- Tim rescheduled TB Test until 4/6/10.

03/31/10- Picked up Tim's HEP B test results.

04/02/10- Received Archie's referance letter.

04/06/10- Tim had TB test placed.

04/06/10- Angi got bloodwork records.

04/06/10- Re-did Financial Statement/faxed to AWAA.

04/09/10- Tim's TB test results- negative :)

04/10/10- Completed Hague On-line training course.

04/10/10- Dog vaccines done.

04/20/10- Faxed Florida CPS request to FL today.

05/03/10- Had our physical visits today.

05/26/10- Angi's bloodwork drawn.

05/28/10- Angi's bloodwork result- normal.

05/28/10- Tim's bloodwork drawn & normal result.

06/01/10- Our 14th Annivesary- Renee notarized physicals!

06/07/10- Picked up our physicals & faxed to GLAD/AWAA.

06/07/10- Found out GLAD rec'd FL CPS checks 6/4/10.

06/07/10- Requested Dr. letter for Angi.

06/10/10- Picked up & faxed Dr. letter to AWAA.

06/10/10- Waiting for AWAA to approve Home Study.

06/15/10- AWAA read Home Study & requested corrections.

06/23/10- GLAD corrected and sent H.S. back to AWAA.

06/24/10- AWAA approved our Home Study!

07/01/10- Got money order for final GLAD payment.

07/01/10- Met Klya/GLAD in Vincennes, got final HomeStdy

07/02/10- Mailed I-600A application & fee.

07/09/10- Renee notarized rest of Dossier paperwork.

07/09/10- Sent 2 papers to IN State Dept.for Authentication

07/12/10- Fed-Ex package received at IN State Dept.

07/13/10- We rec'd Authenticated papers in mail!

07/14/10- Rec'd Immigration Fingerprinting appt for 8/9/10

07/23/10- Went early-Immigration/Indy. for fingerprinting.

07/26/10- Called USCIS & left msg for Immigration Officer.

07/29/10- Officer Opfer called, USCIS back-logged 3 weeks.

08/05/10- Rec'd I-171H today!Thanks Officer Opfer-speedy

08/06/10- Renee notarized new MOWA letter & I-171H.

08/06/10- Got Cashier's check to go with Dossier.

Paper chase completed!

08/06/10- Shipped Dossier to AWAA by Fed-Ex.

08/10/10- AWAA received Dossier packet.

08/13/10- AWAA approved Dossier, maybe DTE next Fri?

08/13/10- Rec'd U.S.State letter stating I-600A sent to ET!

08/19/10- AWAA Fed-Ex'd our Dossier to Ethiopia!

08/25/10- Dossier arrived in Ethiopia today!

The WAIT begins...